Vitamin Deficiency Diseases

Vitamin deficiency is commonly seen in many malnutrition diseases.

Vitamin A

Deficiency of vitamin A is relatively common in developing countries.

Symptoms And Signs

  • Night blindness
  • Complete blindness
  • Increased susceptibility to infections
  • Lack of appetite
  • Dry and rough skin and hair
  • Poor wound healing

Treatment—

Eat foods rich in vitamin A in the diet.

  • Animal livers are among the richest sources of vitamin A.
  • Cod liver oil
  • Sweet potato
  • Carrots are rich in beta carotene
  • Beans are an excellent source of plant-based protein and Vitamin A
  • Spinach and Broccoli are another healthful sources of vitamin A
  • Mangos are rich in antioxidants, dietary fiber and Vitamin A
  • Pumpkin is rich in beta carotene.
  • Tomatoes and tomato juice contain lutein and zeaxanthin, which benefit eye health also.

Vitamin B1

Causes

Alcoholism

Symptoms And Signs–

  • Manifestation of beriberi; nervous system disorder
  • Severe lethargy
  • Fatigue
  • Inability to derive energy
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Loss of muscle with muscle wasting

Treatment–

  • Administration of thiamine in the form of thiamine hydrochloride tablets or injections.
  • B1 rich diet( like yeast and pork)
  • Ayurvedic Medicines(Safojas capsules or syrup,Cap Papagil)

Vitamin B2

Causes

  • Protein-energy malnutrition diseases
  • Alcohol

Signs And Symptoms

  • Sore throat
  • Swelling
  • Redness of the mouth
  • Cheilosis
  • Angular stomatitis
  • Glossitis
  • Seborrhic dermatitis

Treatment—

Foods rich in riboflavin, like meat, eggs, cheese, yogurt..

Vitamin B3

Deficiency of vitamin B3, or niacin, leads to pellagra.

 Causes-

  • Alterations of protein metabolism in the body
  • Staple diet of maize.

Signs And Symptoms–

  • Alopecia
  • Ataxia
  • Dementia
  • Dermatitis
  • Diarrhea
  • Insomnia
  • Photosensitivity
  • Weakness

Treatment

Niacin rich foods in the diet like,

  • Liver
  • Chicken
  • Tuna 
  • Turkey
  • Salmon 
  • Peanuts 
  • Avocado 
  • Whole-wheat products, such as whole-wheat bread and pasta 
  • Mushrooms 
  • Green peas 
  • Potatoes

Complication—

Person can die within four to five years of being diagnosed.

Vitamin B12

Causes—

Pure vegetarian diet

Signs And Symptoms

  • Headaches resembling migraine attacks
  • Megaloblastic anemia.
  • Memory loss
  • Mouth sores
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tingling sensation of tongue
  • White spots on skin

Treatment

  • Diet constituting animal product food,if possible
  • B12 supplement
  • Ayurvedic Medicines

Vitamin C

Deficiency of vitamin C is seen in developing countries. Deficiency of this vitamin leads to scurvy.

Symptoms And Signs

  • Bleeding gums
  • Delayed wound healing
  • Increased susceptibility to infections
  • Spots on skin

Treatment—

Vitamin C can be obtained by eating fruits like oranges, lemon, amla, lime, grapefruit.

Vitamin D

Causes

  • Inadequate intake of calcium
  • Inadequate sunlight exposure

Symptoms And Signs-

  • Impaired bone formation
  • Bone softening diseases like osteomalacia
  • Osteoporosis in women

Treatment

  • Diet high in calcium, like milk,yogurt, Sardine, Canned Salmon, Beans and Lentils, Almonds, Whey Protein, Leafy Green vegetables.
  • Ayurvedic medicines, Sanoric capsules, Vednapil capsules, Kushagra capsules and syrup.

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