Typhoid Fever

Typhoid fever is caused by bacteria called Salmonella typhi (S. typhi). The incubation period is 7 to 14 days. Typhoid fever is a serious and potentially fatal bacterial infection.

Causes—

The bacteria that causes typhoid fever — S. typhi — spreads through contaminated food, drink, or water.

Symptoms And Signs—

 

First week

second week

Third week

Fourth week

Fever, 39–40°C (103–104°F)

First week symptoms 

loss of appetite, weight loss

symptoms gradually improve

Abdominal pain

swelling of the abdomen

myocarditis

 

Constipation or diarrhoea

slowing of the heartbeat

physical exhaustion

 

Vomiting
(children)

 

bouts of foul-smelling, yellow-green, watery diarrhoea

 

Dry cough

 

severe swelling of the abdomen

 

Dull headache in the front of the head

 

rapid breathing,

perforation of the bowel

 

Delirium

 

Confusion,
apathy,
psychosis

 

Skin rash(pink spots 1–4 cm wide) 

 

internal bleeding

 

Malaise

 

multiple organ failure

 

Investigations—-

  • Complete blood count
  • Blood and stool culture
  • Platelet count
  • ELISA urine test
  • Fluorescent antibody study

Treatment–

Self-care

  • Drink plenty of fluids

  • Lots of bed rest
  • Eat regular meals

Ayurvedic Medicines promises complete cure without any complications.

Surgery

Complications—

  • Intestinal perforation and hemorrhage
  • Kidney failure
  • Peritonitis

Prevention–

  • Vaccines are recommended for travel outside and during epidemic outbreaks.

  • At-risk travelers should drink only boiled or bottled water and eat well cooked food.
  • Adequate water treatment, waste disposal
  • Protection of food supply from contamination

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