Typhoid fever is caused by bacteria called Salmonella typhi (S. Typhi). The incubation period is 7 to 14 days. Typhoid fever is a serious and potentially fatal bacterial infection.
The bacteria that causes typhoid fever — S. typhi — spreads through contaminated food, drink, or water.
Symptoms and signs
|Fever, 39–40°C (103–104°F)
|First week symptoms
|loss of appetite, weight loss
|symptoms gradually improve
|swelling of the abdomen
|Constipation or diarrhoea
|slowing of the heartbeat
|bouts of foul-smelling, yellow-green, watery diarrhoea
|severe swelling of the abdomen
|Dull headache in the front of the head
perforation of the bowel
|Skin rash(pink spots 1–4 cm wide)
|multiple organ failure
- Complete blood count
- Blood and stool culture
- Platelet count
- ELISA urine test
- Fluorescent antibody study
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Lots of bed rest
- Eat regular meals
Ayurvedic Medicines promise a complete cure without any complications.
- Intestinal perforation and haemorrhage
- Kidney failure
- Vaccines are recommended for travel outside and during epidemic outbreaks.
- At-risk travellers should drink only boiled or bottled water and eat well-cooked food.
- Adequate water treatment, waste disposal
- Protection of food supply from contamination