Typhoid fever is caused by bacteria called Salmonella typhi (S. Typhi). The incubation period is 7 to 14 days. Typhoid fever is a serious and potentially fatal bacterial infection.
The bacteria that causes typhoid fever — S. typhi — spreads through contaminated food, drink, or water.
Symptoms and signs
|First week||second week||Third week||Fourth week|
|Fever, 39–40°C (103–104°F)||First week symptoms||loss of appetite, weight loss||symptoms gradually improve|
|Abdominal pain||swelling of the abdomen||myocarditis|
|Constipation or diarrhoea||slowing of the heartbeat||physical exhaustion|
|bouts of foul-smelling, yellow-green, watery diarrhoea|
|Dry cough||severe swelling of the abdomen|
|Dull headache in the front of the head||rapid breathing,
perforation of the bowel
|Skin rash(pink spots 1–4 cm wide)||internal bleeding|
|Malaise||multiple organ failure|
- Complete blood count
- Blood and stool culture
- Platelet count
- ELISA urine test
- Fluorescent antibody study
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Lots of bed rest
- Eat regular meals
Ayurvedic Medicines promise a complete cure without any complications.
- Intestinal perforation and haemorrhage
- Kidney failure
- Vaccines are recommended for travel outside and during epidemic outbreaks.
- At-risk travellers should drink only boiled or bottled water and eat well-cooked food.
- Adequate water treatment, waste disposal
- Protection of food supply from contamination