Obesity

Obesity means having too much body fat. It is different from being overweight, which means weighing too much. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat and/or body water. Obesity is defined as a  body mass index (BMI) of 30 and above. BMI=weight(kgs) divided by  height(m) squared.

CAUSES—

  • Physical inactivity

Sedentary people burn fewer calories than people who are active

  • Genetics

One is more likely to develop obesity if one or both parents are obese. Genetics also affect hormones involved in fat regulation(leptin deficiency)

  • Overeating
  • Diet high in simple carbohydrates(sugars, fructose, desserts, soft drinks, beer, wine); fats or sugar
  • Frequency of eating(eating two or three large meals daily)
  • Slow metabolism

Women have a slower metabolism than men, and hence, have a tendency to put on more weight than men.So weight loss is more difficult for women.

  • Physical inactivity
  • Medications (anti-depressants, anti-convulsants, diabetes medications, oral contraceptives, corticosteroids, antihistamines)
  • Psychological factors

Eating excessively in response to emotions (boredom, sadness, stress or anger)

  • Diseases (hypothyroidism, insulin resistance, polycystic ovary syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome)
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Investigations—

  • Weight-to-height tables

These tables give general ranges of healthy weights and overweight for adult height.

  • Body fat percentage

Men with more than 25% fat and women with more than 30% fat are considered obese.

  • Body mass index

Healthy = 18.5-24.9

Overweight = 25.0-29.9

Obese = 30 or greater

Morbidly obese = 40 or greater

Treatment-

Ayurvedic treatment for Obesity

Diet and Nutrition for Obesity

Exercises for Obesity

Home Remedies for Obesity

Lifestyle for Obesity

Recommended daily diet plan for Obesity

Complications—-

Prevention—

Balanced and timely low fat diet  and moderate regular exercise are the key to prevent obesity.

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