Nephrotic syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms including protein in the urine (more than 3.5 grams per day), low blood protein levels, high cholesterol levels, high triglyceride levels, and swelling.

Causes—–

                

  • Minimal change disease(children)
  • Membranous glomerulonephritis (adults)
  • Infection (strep throat, hepatitis, mononucleosis)
  • Genetic disorders
  • Immune disorders
  • Diseases
    1. Diabetes
    2. Systemic lupus erythematosus
    3. Multiple myeloma
    4. Amyloidosis.

Signs & Symptoms—-

  • Edema
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Hypertension
  • Hypoalbuminemia
  • Proteinuria
  • Unintentional weight gain

Investigations—

  • Blood test—
    1. cholesterol
    2. albumin
    3. BUN
    4. S. creatinine
  • Urine test—
    1. Protein
    2. Fats
  • Kidney biopsy

Treatment—–

                  Treatment may be needed for life.

  • Ayurvedic Medicines
  • Vitamin D

Complications—

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Drugs induced Osteoporosis, Cataract
  • Increased risk of infection
  • Diabetes.

1 thought on “Nephrotic syndrome”

Leave a Comment