Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis is an inflammatory disease of the Central Nervous System (brain and spinal cord). It is a demyelinating disease.


Environmental factor

Low prevalence in the tropics and high prevalence in the temperate zones of both northern and southern hemispheres. Migration to high prevalence areas before the age of 15 is a risk factor for the development of the disease.

Genetic factor

Risk is high in first relatives and monozygotic twins

Immunological factor

Increased levels of activated T lymphocytes in the CSF and increased immunoglobulin synthesis within the CNS.


Relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS)

  • Recurrent attacks
  • Neurologic deficits appear in different parts of the nervous system
  • Resolve completely or almost completely over a short period of time

Secondary progressive MS (SPMS)

  • Continued progression over the years
  • Increasing disability

Primary progressive MS (PPMS)

Function declines steadily without relapses

Progressive-relapsing MS (PRMS)

Occasional relapses superimposed on progressive disease

Symptoms and signs of Multiple Sclerosis

  • Constipation and stool leakage
  • Decreased attention span
  • Depression               
  • Difficulty beginning to urinate
  • Difficulty in reasoning
  • Dizziness
  • Double vision
  • Erectile problems    
  • Facial pain
  • Fatigue
  • Hearing loss
  • Incontinence
  • Loss of balance
  •  Memory loss
  • Muscle spasms
  • Slurred speech
  • Strong urge to urinate
  • Tingling, crawling, or burning feeling in the arms and legs
  • Uncontrollable rapid eye movements
  • Vision loss (usually affects one eye at a time)
  • Weakness/tremor in one or more arms or legs


  • Neurological exam
  • Eye examination
  • Lumbar puncture
  • MRI scan of the brain and spine
  • Nerve function study


  1. Ayurvedic Medicines
  2. Panchkarma 
  3. General measures
  • Physiotherapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Support groups
  • Assistive devices, such as wheelchairs, bed lifts, shower chairs, walkers, and wall bars
  • A planned exercise program
  • A nutritious diet, enough rest and relaxation
  • Avoiding fatigue, stress, temperature extremes, and illness


  • Spasticity
  • Ataxia
  • Dysaesthesia
  • Failure to store urine
  • Failure to empty bladder
  • Osteoporosis
  • Pressure sores

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