Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic condition where the normal functions of the bowel are disrupted.

CAUSES—

  1. Abnormal gastrointestinal tract movements, increased awareness of normal bodily functions, and a change in the nervous system communication between the brain and the GI tract
  2. Abnormal movements of the colon( too fast or too slow)
  3. Episodes of gastroenteritis.
  4. Dietary allergies
  5. Eatables
  6. Fizzy drinks
  7. Chocolate
  8. Drinks that contain caffeine, such as tea, coffee or cola
  9. Processed snacks, such as crisps and biscuits
  10. Fatty food
  11. Fried food
  12. Stress
  13. Alcohol

Symptoms And Signs-–  

  • Change in bowel habits( diarrhea, constipation or sometimes both )

  • Feeling of not fully emptied  bowel
  • Frequent and urgent need to urinate
  • Abdominal pain and cramping( relieved by emptying  bowels)
  • An urgent need to go to the toilet, which can result in urinary or bowel incontinence.
  • Anxiety.
  • Bad breath
  • Bloating and swelling of abdomen
  • Constant tiredness
  • Depression
  • Excessive wind (flatulence)
  • Headache
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Nausea (feeling sick)
  • Passing mucus from the rectum

Investigations–

There are no test to diagnose IBS, but tests may be done to rule out other problems:       

  • Full blood count
  • Stool cultures
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • Colonoscopy

Treatment—                      

  • Lifestyle changes
    1. regular exercise
    2. improved sleep habits
  • Dietary changes
    1. increasing dietary fiber
    2. avoiding foods and drinks that stimulate the intestines
  • Counseling
  • Ayurvedic Medications

Prevention–

  1. Maintain good physical fitness( improves bowel function and helps reduce stress)
  2. Stop smoking       
  3. Avoid coffee, gas-producing foods, and spicy foods.
  4. Avoid alcohol consumption

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