Influenza

The flu is a contagious infection of the nose, throat, and lungs caused by the influenza virus.

Classification—

  •  Influenza A

 Most Severe

Outbreak every 2-3 years  

  • Influenza B

Less severe 

Affects children               

  • Influenza C

Mildest       

Causes–

  • Age

Seasonal influenza tends to target young children and people over 65.

  • Occupation

Health care workers and child care personnel

  • Congested living areas
  • Weak immune system

Cancer treatments

Anti-rejection drugs

Corticosteroids

HIV/AIDS

Chronic illnesses

Asthma

Diabetes

Heart problems

  • Pregnancy( second and third trimesters)
  • Breathing in droplets from coughs or sneezes
  • Touching a surface (a faucet handle or phone) loaded with a virus and then transferring them to  eyes, nose or mouth.

Symptoms And Signs–

  • Abrupt onset
  • Body aches
  • Chills
  • Dizziness
  • Dry, hacking cough
  • Fever 102 -106 °F( lasting 1-last 5 days)
  • Flushed face
  • Headache
  • Lack of energy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nasal discharge
  • Nausea
  • Sneezing
  • Sore throat
  • Stuffy, congested nose
  • Sweating
  • Vomiting
  • Worsening of underlying illness( asthma or heart failure)

TREATMENT—

  • Rest –

Until the flu is fully resolved, especially if the illness has been severe.

  • Fluids –

Drink enough fluids so as not to become dehydrated.

  • Medicines

Complications—-

  1. Pneumonia
  2. Bronchitis
  3. Sinus infections
  4. Ear infections

Prevention–

  1. Flu vaccination for all over the age of 6 months.
  2. Thorough and frequent hand washing. Scrub hands vigorously for at least 15 seconds. Or use alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
  3. Cover mouth and nose while sneezing/coughing
  4. Avoid crowds.

 

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