This is a serious type of electrolyte disturbance that is normally seen in people who have high levels of anti-diuretic hormone(ADH).


  • Deficiency of sodium in the blood and diet.
  • Medical illness like; diarrhea, excessive vomiting, polydipsia.

Symptoms And Signs

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Mental Clouding
  • Confusion
  • Convulsions
  • Stupor
  • Coma


  • It depends on the underlying cause
  • Intravenous administration of saline in severe volume depletion
  • Hypertonic saline in seizures

2 thoughts on “Hyponatremia”

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