Eczema

Eczema is a condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. It is a long-term/chronic condition.Eczema is the most common of all inflammatory dermatoses.

Eczema comprises a group of skin disorders exhibiting a common pattern of histological & clinical findings which vary depending on the stage of the disease.

CLASSIFICATION—

A. Endogenous    

  1. Atopic eczema
  •  Adult
  • Infantile
  • Childhood

2. Seborrheic eczema

  • Infantile
  • Adulthood
  1. Nummular eczema
  2. Pompholyx
  3. Lichen simplex chronicus
  4. Asteatotic eczema
  5. Stasis eczema
  6. Juvenile plantar dermatitis

B. Exogenous

  1. Contact dermatitis
  • Irritant contact dermatitis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis

2. Photodermatitis

3. Infectious dermatitis

Pompholyx

Irritation of the skin on the palms of hands and soles of the feet characterized by clear, deep blisters that itch and burn.

Lichen Simplex Chronicus ( Neurodermatitis)

Scaly patches of skin on the head, lower legs, wrists, or forearms  caused by a localized itch such as from an insect bite that becomes intensely irritated when scratched.

Treatment

Consists of potent topical corticosteroids alone or in combination with tar/ salicylic acid.

Asteatotic Eczema (Eczema Craquele)

SYMPTOMS—

  1. An abnormal dryness of the skin or mucus membranes
  2. Dry, scaly, itchy, and red skin
  3. Fine cracks may appear on the skin.
  4. Dry skin usually gets worse during the winter.
  5. Common in old age
  6. The arms and legs are most affected.

Treatment

  • Moisturizers, especially those that contain urea and lactic acid
  • Topical steroids — for areas that get very inflamed and itchy

Juvenile Plantar Dermatitis (Forefoot Eczema )

Juvenile plantar eczema is a skin condition that generally presents in boys between 3-15 years of age, but it may also occur in adults and females. When it occurs in children the prognosis is one of gradual improvement.

CAUSES—

  1. The many synthetic materials and chemicals used in the manufacturing process for shoes and socks .
  2. Summer season

SYMPTOMS

  1. Redness
  2. Irritation
  3. Cracking
  4. General soreness
  5. Itching

TREATMENT

Topical moisturizers and ointments

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