Diabetic retinopathy is damage to the eye’s retina that occurs with long-term diabetes
- Damage to blood vessels of the retina.
- More severe diabetes for a longer period of time
Symptoms And Signs
- Blurred vision and gradual vision loss
- Shadows or missing areas of vision
- Difficulty seeing at night time
- No symptoms before major bleeding occurs in eye
- Retinal photography
- Fluorescein angiography
Treatment usually does not reverse damage that has already occurred, but it can help keep the disease from getting worse
- laser photo-coagulation is used to treat macular edema.
- Panretinal photo-coagulation treats a large area of retina
- Vitrectomy( to repair retinal detachment)
- Drugs (to prevent abnormal blood vessels from growing)
- Corticosteroids (injected into the eyeball )
- Make sure your home is safe so you do not fall
- Organize your home so that you can easily find what you need
- Get help to make sure you are taking your medicines correctly
- Retinal detachment
- Tight control of blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol
- Do not smoke.
- Avoid resistance or high-impact exercises, which can strain already weakened blood vessels in the eyes.
- Regular eye examination in case of–
- Children older than 10 years who have had diabetes for 3 – 5 years or more
- Adults and adolescents with type 2 diabetes soon after diagnosis
- Adolescents and adults with type 1 diabetes within 5 years of diagnosis