CHRONIC GLOMERULONEPHRITIS

Chronic glomerulonephritis is a slowly progressive disease. The disease normally remains subclinical until the progressive phase begins. By the time it produces symptoms, chronic glomerulonephritis is usually irreversible.

Causes—-

                  Chronic glomerulonephritis is caused when there is slow progressive destruction of the glomeruli of the kidney, with progressive loss of kidney function. Some cases are caused by specific stimuli to the body’s immune system, but the precise cause of most is unknown.

Signs & Symptoms—–

  • Blood in the vomit or stools
  • Coma
  • Confusion
  • Dark, rust-colored, or brown urine
  • Decreased alertness
  • Decreased sensation in the hands, feet, or other areas
  • Decreased urine output
  • Delirium
  • Drowsiness
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Fatigue
  • Foamy urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Frequent hiccups
  • Generalized itching
  • Headache
  • Hypertension
  • Increased skin pigmentation (yellow or brown)
  • Lethargy
  • Malaise
  • Muscle cramps
  • Muscle twitching
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Nocturnal urination
  • Nosebleed
  • Seizures
  • Somnolence
  • Unintentional weight loss

Investigations—–

  • Blood test
    1. BUN
    2. Hb
    3. creatinine
  • Urine c/e
  • X-rays (pelvis)
  • Renal biopsy

Treatment—

  • Ayurvedic Medicines
  • Dietary restrictions ( salt, fluids, protein)
  • Dialysis
  • kidney transplantation

Complications–

  • Renal failure
  • Death

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