BRONCHITIS

Bronchitis is an infection of the main airways of the lungs (bronchi), which causes them to become inflamed. It is common in winter and often develops following a cold, sore throat or flu.

Classification—

  1. Acute bronchitis
  2. Chronic bronchitis

Symptoms And Sign    

A. Acute bronchitis

    1. Irritating, unproductive cough
    2. Retrosternal discomfort
    3. Chest tightness
    4. Wheezes
    5. Breathlessness
    6. Sputum initially Scanty ,Mucoid, Viscid, Blood-stained. 
    7. pyrexia

B. Chronic bronchitis

  1. Repeated attacks of productive cough
  2. Wheezes
  3. Breathlessness
  4. Tightness
  5. Frankly,purulent sputum
  6. Ronchi(low and medium pitched)
  7. Crepitations(over lower lobe)
  8. Tracheal tug
  9. Jugular venous filled during expiration
  10. Contraction of sternomastoid and scalene muscles on inspiration.

Causes-

A. Acute Bronchitis—

    1. Common cold
    2. Flu

B. Chronic Bronchitis
1. Irritants

  • Cigarette tobacco smoke
  • dust
  • smoke
  • fumes
  • humidity
  • fog
  • sudden changes in temperature
  • Coal minig
  • Textile manufacturing
  • Grain handling

2. Infections (Strep.pneumonia, H.influenza)

 

BRONCHITIS

Investigations—

  1. Chest X-rays
  2. PFT—
    1. Ventilator capacity
    2. Lung volumes
    3. Gas transfer
    4. PaCO2
    5. Exercise test

Treatment

A. Acute Bronchitis

Spontaneous recovery occurs in 3-4 days

Symptomatic treatment is given for cough

B. Chronic Bronchitis

    1. Stop smoking permanently
    2. Avoid irritants
    3. Drink lots of fluids
    4. Ayurvedic Medicines
    5. Physiotherapy
    6. Mechanical ventilation

Complications–

A. Acute Bronchitis

    1. Bronchopneumonia
    2. Acute exacerbation of Br.asthma
    3. Exacerbation of chronic bronchitis

B. Chronic Bronchitis

    1. Type I and II respiratory failure
    2. Pulmonary hypertension
    3. Right ventricular failure
    4. Secondary polycythaemia

Prevention–

  • Do Not smoke.
  • Yearly flu vaccine and a pneumococcal vaccine
  • Reduce exposure to air pollution.
  • Wash hands frequently to avoid spreading viruses and other infections

6 thoughts on “BRONCHITIS”

  1. Bellissimo lavoro,bravo continua cosi!!

    translation:
    Beautiful work, good continues like this !!

    Reply
  2. Hey there! I know this is kinda off topic however , I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa? My site addresses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I believe we could greatly benefit from each other. If you happen to be interested feel free to shoot me an e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you! Terrific blog by the way!

    Reply
  3. I do trust all the ideas you have offered for your post.
    They’re really convincing and will certainly work.
    Nonetheless, the posts are very short for beginners.
    May just you please prolong them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

    Reply
  4. I’m impressed, I have to admit. Rarely do I encounter a blog that’s equally educative
    and entertaining, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head.
    The issue is something too few men and women are speaking intelligently about.
    I’m very happy I came across this in my hunt for something relating to this.

    Reply
  5. Have you ever considered about adding a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is fundamental and all. But think about if you added some great visuals or
    videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content
    is excellent but with pics and clips, this site could undeniably be one of the most beneficial in its field.
    Superb blog!

    Reply

Leave a Comment