Ascites

Causes–

    1. acute injury to liver cells
    2. adverse reactions to medications
    3. drug abuse
  • Budd-Chiari syndrome (blockage of the hepatic veins)
  • Metastatic Cancer
  • Heart failure
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Disorders of the pancreas
    1. Acute pancreatitis
    2. Chronic pancreatitis
    3. Pancreatic cancer
  • Direct irritation of the peritoneum
  • Diseases of the ovary
    1. Cancer of the ovary
    2. Meigs syndrome

Symptoms And Signs–

Mild-moderate

    1. no symptoms
    2. increased abdominal girth and size
    3. shortness of breath
    4. pleural effusions
  • Due to cirrhosis of the liver-
  1. leg swelling
  2. easy bruising
  3. enlargement of the breasts
  4. confusion
  • Due to heart failure
    1. shortness of breath
    2. edema
    3. paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  • With cancer
    1. pain
    2. weight loss
    3. Fatigue
    4. Abdominal distention.
  • With spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
    1. Abdominal pain
    2. Fever.

Treatment–

  • Dietary salt restriction and medications to assist the body in ridding itself of excess salt and fluid. 
  • Ayurvedic medicines
  • Liver Transplant

Complications—-

  • Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
  • Hepatorenal syndrome

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