Anxiety

Classification—

  1. Generalized anxiety disorder (or GAD)—- is characterized by excessive, exaggerated anxiety and worry about everyday life events with no obvious reasons for worry. Eventually, the anxiety so dominates the person’s thinking that it interferes with daily functioning, including work, school, social activities, and relationships.
  2. Panic disorder  -consists of recurrent attacks of severe anxiety which are sudden and unpredictable. Patient often fears that he or she is about to die.
  3. Phobic anxiety-is an abnormal fear brought on by a particular object or situation. This leads to avoidance of the provoking stimulus. There are different phobias as-
  • Agoraphobia(fear of open spaces)
  • Social phobia(fear of social gatherings/eating in public)
  • Specific animal phobia(mice,snake,spider,cats,etc.)
  • Miscellaneous specific phobias(height,thunder,flights,etc.)

Symptoms And Signs-

Psychological –

  • Apprehension
  • Fears of impending disaster
  • Irritability
  • Depersonalisation

Somatic-

  • Tremor
  • Sweating
  • Palpitations
  • Chest pain
  • Breathlessness
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhoea
  • Frequency of micturition
  • Initial insomnia
  • Poor concentration

TREATMENT—-

  • Ayurvedic Medicines
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy

  • Relaxation techniques
  1. Deep breathing
  2. Biofeedback

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