Hypertension

Hypertension, is usually defined as having a sustained blood pressure of 140/90 mm of Hg or above. Blood pressure is defined as the amount of pressure that is exerted on the artery walls as blood moves through them.

Blood pressure is measured as Systolic pressure (pressure exerted when heart beats and forces blood in body and Diastolic pressure (pressure when heart is resting in between beats)

  1. Primary (essential hypertension)
  2. Secondary 
hypertension

Causes of high blood pressure

General–

  1. Poor diet
  2. Lack of exercise
  3. Being overweight
  4. Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Primary hypertension
  1. Old age
  2. Family history of high blood pressure 
  3. High-fat diet
  4. High amount of salt in diet
  5. Smoking
  6. Stress
  • Secondary hypertension

It is the result of an underlying condition or cause.

  1. Kidney diseases
  2. Narrowing of the arteries
  3. Conditions that affect the body’s tissue( lupus )
  4. Medication( oral contraceptive pill, NSAIDs)
  5. Recreational drugs( cocaine, amphetamines and crystal meth)
  6. Pregnancy
  7. Endocrine diseases—

Cushing’s syndrome

Conn’s syndrome

Phaeochromocytoma

Acromegaly

Hyperparathyroidism

Diabetes mellitus

Symptoms and signs of Hypertension

  1. Blurred or double vision
  2. Chest pain
  3. Confusion
  4. Ear noise or buzzing
  5. Headache
  6. Irregular heartbeat
  7. Nosebleeds
  8. Shortness of breath
  9. Tiredness
  10. Renal impairment

Investigations

  1. Blood for  FBC, Creatinine, Glucose, Lipid profile
  2. Urine (for RBCs, glucose, protein)
  3. ECG
  4. Echocardiography

Treatment of hypertension

Non-drug treatment

  • Smoking cessation
  • Reduce weight
  • Encourage regular exercise (walking, swimming, cycling)
  • Decrease alcohol intake
  • Decrease salt intake
  • Increase fruit and vegetable intake
  • Decrease caffeine rich products
  • Encourage stress management

Medication

Ayurvedic medicines under the guidance of an Ayurveda expert.

Complications

  1. Stroke
  2. Coronary heart disease
  3. Heart attack

How to prevent High blood pressure

By making changes to lifestyle ( eating a healthier diet, exercising more regularly, and reducing the amount of alcohol).

Follow all measures given in non-drug treatment.

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