Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.

ADHD
  • Hyperactive-impulsive
  • Inattentive
  • Combined

Signs And Symptoms of ADHD

Children

General Symptoms

  • A short attention span
  • Being easily distracted
  • constant fidgeting
  •  Learning difficulties
  • Restlessness
  • Sleep disorders

Specific Symptoms-

Inattentiveness

  • A very short attention span
  • Appearing forgetful or losing things
  • Being unable to concentrate
  • Being unable to listen to or carry out instructions
  • Being unable to stick at tasks that are tedious or time consuming
  • Being very easily distracted
  • Constantly changing activity or task
  • Having difficulty organizing tasks
  • Making careless mistakes, for example in school work

Hyperactivity

  • Being unable to settle to tasks
  • Being unable to sit still, especially in calm or quiet surroundings
  • Constantly fidgeting
  • Excessive physical movement
  • Excessive talking

 

Impulsiveness

  • Acting without thinking
  • Being unable to wait for a turn
  • Breaking any set rules
  • Interrupting conversations
  • Little or no sense of danger

Adults

  • Blurting responses, and poor social timing when talking to others
  • Carelessness and lack of attention to detail
  • Continually losing or misplacing things
  • Continually starting new tasks before finishing old ones
  • Difficulty keeping quiet and speaking out of turn
  • Extreme impatience
  • Forgetfulness
  • Inability to deal with stress
  • Inability to focus or prioritize
  • Irritability and a quick temper
  • Mood swings
  • Often interrupting others
  • Poor organizational skills
  • Restlessness and edginess
  • Taking risks in activities, often with little or no regard for personal safety or the safety of others

Any problem in childhood is likely to persists into adulthood, which can make life extremely difficult.

Causes of ADHD

Genes 

Children with ADHD who carry a particular version of a certain gene have thinner brain tissue in the areas of the brain associated with attention and as children with this gene grew up, the brain developed to a normal level of thickness. Their ADHD symptoms also improved.

Environmental factors

  • Cigarette smoking
  • Alcohol during pregnancy
  • High exposure to lead

Brain injuries

Food additives — artificial colours, preservatives

Investigations

There’s no specific test for ADHD. Gathering as much information as possible about the child is the best way to get an accurate diagnosis and rule out other possible causes of child’s symptoms.

Treatment

Behavior therapy

Teachers and parents can learn behavior-changing strategies for dealing with difficult situations.

Psychotherapy

Ayurveda Medicines

Meditation- Though it is not easy to make a hyperactive child meditate. But if with proper counselling and patience you are able to convince the child for meditation, then this is the Gold Standard Treatment of ADHD.

Within a month, the results are visible.

Parenting skills training

 This help parents to develop ways to understand and guide their child’s behavior

Family therapy

Social skills training

Support groups—Support groups can offer children with ADHD and their parents a network of social support, information and education.

Complications

These are medicine related.

1 thought on “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)”

  1. Hi my family member! I wish to say that this post is awesome, great written and include almost all important infos. I¦d like to see more posts like this .

    Reply

Leave a Comment